The Magic of Wool Felt: How It's Made and Its Many Uses


Wool felt is a soft and pliable material made from wool fibers. It has been used for centuries in various applications such as clothing, hats, toys, and even as insulation for homes. With its versatility and durability, wool felt has become a popular choice for many creative projects.

But how exactly is wool felt made? In this post, we will explore the process of making wool felt, from the raw materials to the finished product.

The Raw Materials

The main ingredient in wool felt is, of course, wool. The wool used for felt making can come from many different types of sheep, including Merino, Romney, and Corriedale. The wool is combed or carded to remove any impurities and to align the fibers. This makes it easier to form the felt and also results in a more uniform final product.

The next step is to add water and soap to the wool fibers. The soap acts as a lubricant and helps the fibers move and interlock with each other.

The Felting Process

The felting process starts with rolling and compressing the wool fibers. This helps to interlock the fibers and form a solid, dense material. The more the wool is rolled and compressed, the denser and tighter the felt becomes.

Once the felt has reached the desired density, it is then dried and cut to the desired shape and size. At this point, it may also be subjected to further processing such as fulling or shrinking, to make it even denser and stronger.

Felting Techniques

Here are two main techniques used to create wool felt: wet felting and dry (needle) felting.

Wet felting

Wet felting is a process that involves the use of hot water, soap, and manual manipulation to merge the fibers into a combined, compact sheet. The soap and water help to lubricate and open the fibers so that they can catch onto each other more easily. The movement of the hands (or a textured surface such as bubble wrap or a bamboo sushi mat) against the soapy wet wool creates agitation, which helps to push the fibers together. Wet felting is best used for creating flat, two-dimensional pieces, though it can also be used for three-dimensional items.

Needle felting

Needle felting, on the other hand, is a dry process that involves interlocking fibers through a repeated stabbing motion using a special barbed needle. The barbs along the side of the needle catch onto the tiny, overlapping scales on the wool fibers, causing the fibers to tangle and mat together to form felt. The needle felting process allows different areas of the wool to be pushed in and sculpted, and additional pieces of wool can be added to build bulk or create details such as eyes or animal patterns.

Advantages of Wool Felt

Wool felt has a number of advantages that make it a popular choice for many creative projects. These include:

  • Durability: Wool felt is a strong and durable material that can withstand a lot of wear and tear. It is also resistant to moisture and does not easily shrink or stretch.
  • Versatility: Wool felt can be dyed and shaped into almost any form, making it suitable for a wide range of applications.
  • Sustainability: Wool felt is a renewable resource and is biodegradable. This makes it an environmentally friendly choice compared to synthetic materials.

Ganapati Crafts Co. is proud to present a colorful array of wet- and dry-felted crafts, each handmade by our partner artisans. 

Our current collection includes finger puppets, felt bags, garlands, baby mobiles, cat toys, etc. 

Those creative and artistic handcrafts can be great gifts for your loved ones, a baby shower, or any memorable holiday and occasion. We invite you to explore our entire collection at


Yian Chang

Owner of Ganapati Crafts Co.

Yian, a Taiwanese Floridian, operates as a handicraft vendor, offering a range of charming and unique products including felt finger puppets, nursery decor, holiday ornaments, and handwoven bags. Be sure to visit Yian's brand, Ganapati Crafts Co., to explore her creative and one-of-a-kind creations.

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